How Does a Structural Equation Model Explain Disability Disparities by Race/Ethnicity?
Stipica Mudrazija and Barbara A. Butrica, Urban Institute
Traditional analytic approaches may lead to underestimates of disparities by race/ethnicity and sex due to their inability to account for the impact of those characteristics on other factors controlled for in the models, such as health, income, and education. This project examines how the application of structural equation models (SEM) may help address this issue by accounting for both direct and indirect impacts of race/ethnicity and sex on outcomes of interest. Following an overview of the SEM’s foundations, this proposal focuses on the empirical applications across a range of key outcomes, including disability and SSDI applications and participation, using data from the Health and Retirement Study.