How Do Employers’ 401(k) Mutual Fund Selections Affect Performance?
The brief’s key findings are:
- 401(k) performance is affected by the decisions of plan administrators as well as participant choices.
- Administrators choose mutual funds that perform worse than comparable indexes but better than comparable, randomly selected funds.
- When making changes to a plan’s fund offerings, administrators chase returns and do not improve performance.
- Participants also tend to chase returns through contribution changes and asset transfers, and their investment strategies add no value.