Do Men Who Work Longer Live Longer? Evidence from the Netherlands

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The brief’s key findings are:

  • Working longer is a powerful way to improve retirement security, and some suggest it also improves health.
  • But does working longer improve health or does good health lead to working longer?
  • A temporary tax policy change in the Netherlands that encouraged some older workers to stay in the labor force longer provides a natural experiment.
  • The experiment confirms that working longer causes better health – specifically longer life expectancy.
  • Men ages 62-65 who worked longer due to the policy change saw a two-month increase in life expectancy during their late 60s.
  • This improvement could be more substantial if the impact is longer lasting.