The brief’s key findings are:
- The idea of capping federal Medicaid payments to states at a set amount per person has received recent attention, raising the question of how it would affect enrollment.
- For insight, this study looks at a current policy that requires states to pay the federal government a lump sum for each senior eligible for both Medicaid and Medicare.
- This lump sum, which varies by state, is a partial reimbursement for drug costs that the seniors incur under Medicare.
- The results show that the size of the per capita lump sum that states pay affects how many seniors they enroll in Medicaid.
- The implication is that, if Medicaid were subject to per-capita financing, the generosity of federal payments to the states would affect program enrollment.