The brief’s key findings are:
- About 5 million state and local workers are not covered by Social Security on their current job.
- The law requires that their pension plans provide a benefit equal to what they would have received upon retirement if they were covered by Social Security.
- While all plans meet the letter of the law, a prior study found that 43 percent of them do not provide lifetime benefits equal to Social Security for some workers.
- The workers who lose out are those who leave in mid-career, as their pensions are based on wages when they depart, whose real value erodes over time.
- This new study finds that this group accounts for about 17 percent of current noncovered workers, so hundreds of thousands could fall short.